On these pages, we will try to answer your questions and introduce you to the high art that underlies the manufacture of our products. If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.

How is a facsimile produced?

The first step is to filter the three primary colours - blue, red and yellow - out of the original slide with the help of an electronic scanner and to digitalise them. A laser then stores this information on a film, so that a single sheet is created for each colour.   

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[Translate to Englisch:] Wie entsteht ein Faksimile?

How were medieval books written?

Before the copyist or copyists, i.e. the scribes of a medieval book, could go to work, they would first use a ruler and compasses to create a text area on each page, i.e. the part of a page that was subsequently to be filled with text.

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[Translate to Englisch:] Wie wurden mittelalterliche Bücher geschrieben?

How were books produced in the Middle Ages?

It was far more time-consuming and costly to produce a book in the Middle Ages than it is today, because a whole series of specialised craftsmen had to work in so-called scriptoria, where books were produced, before a codex could be finished.

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[Translate to Englisch:] Wie entstanden Bücher im Mittelalter?

How does the binding of medieval books differ from modern books?

Even though medieval codices look, at first sight, quite similar to modern books on the outside, they have some special features that make their format different from a modern book's.  

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[Translate to Englisch:] Wie unterscheidet sich der Einband mittelalterlicher Kodizes von modernen Büchern?

What is a gloss?

Medieval manuscripts generally include commentaries and notes called glosses next to the main text itself.  

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[Translate to Englisch:] Was ist eine Glossierung?

What are initials?

Initials are one of the most important decorative elements of medieval manuscript culture, and they immediately catch your eye when you first look at a manuscript. Highlighting of the first letter of a text or paragraph and its ornamentation feature in all known items of medieval manuscript art.  

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[Translate to Englisch:] Was sind Initialen?

What are miniatures?

Miniatures were originally manuscript chapter headings and initials that were executed with a red hue. The term is said to derive from the Latin word "minium", which was used to name a red pigment obtained from grated cinnabar.  

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[Translate to Englisch:] Was sind Miniaturen?

How long have facsimiles been around?

The history of facsimiles begins with the invention of printing because the early printers also wanted to reflect the peculiarities of handwritten manuscripts while making their versions infinitely repeatable.

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[Translate to Englisch:] Seit wann gibt es Faksimiles?